Archaeogenetical investigations on the 10th century populations from Szeged Kiskundorozsma- Hosszúhát and Szeged-Öthalom


Csősz Aranka, Mende Balázs

MŐT Kiadványok 4.(2015) 371–376.

DOI 10.55722/Arpad.Kiad.2015.4_07


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Populations reported in this study show signifi cant diversity in terms of composition of maternal lineages. Identical mitochondrial profi le couldn’t be found either within the cemeteries or among them. The populations of the cemeteries are highly separated from each other, the mitochondrial profi le of the graves varies greatly within the cemeteries. Based on geographical locality of haplogroups development two large groups can be observed. One was characterized by the Asian origins and spread by the maternal lineages, this includes the 100th and 600th graves from Kiskundorozsma and the 36th, 236th, 132th. and the 237th graves from Szeged-Öthalom. The second group consists of the following graves: 500th, 595th, 596th, 597th, 650th, 701th and the 720th from Kiskundorozsma and the 124th, 150th, 187th and 257th from Szeged-Öthalom. These were characterized by European origin and spread. Both archaeological sites were characterized by relatively high number of children and men. The children didn’t show any genetic identical similarities either with each other or with women. We haven’t found any matrilineal relatives among men either. However, the grave of a child from the cemetery of SzegedÖthalom show the same identical maternal profi le, as the women, who was buried in the cemetery of Harta- Freifelt. Based on our previous investigations it’s likely that this haplotype matching could be a motherchild relationship. Two haplotypes from the samples were excavated in Kiskundorozsma showed identical relationship with two women samples represented by the Avar period. This result may allow a variety of conclusions, including even the possible evidence of local survival. If we compare the samples from Szeged-Öthalom and Kiskundorozsma-Hosszúhát with the ones from our archaic database, the matrilineal genetic parallels cannot be found in the investigated cemeteries, but in wider geographical and chronological limits.